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Define the concepts of perception and attention.

-Define the concept of perception
-Define the concept of attention

AllPsych Online. (2011). Definition of Perception. Retrieved from:

Cherry, K. (2011). Perception and the perceptual process. Retrieved from:

Mozer, M. (n.d). Object-based attention. Retrieved from:

Robinson-Riegler, G., & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Cognitive psychology: Applying the science of the mind (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon

Schefke, T. & Gronek, P. (2010). Improving attentional processes in sport: Defining attention, attentional skills, and attention types. Studies in Physical Culture & Tourism, 17(4), 295-299. Retrived from EBSCOhost.

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Perception is an amazing phenomenon that occurs in the human mind with little thought or conscious effort. Allpsych defines perception as the "process of organizing and using information that is received by the senses" (2011). Perception encapsulates the five human senses of touch, smell, sound, sight, and taste. Perception allows individuals to take in stimuli, react to the stimuli based on one or more of the five senses, and essentially make sense of the world around them.

According to Cherry, the perceptual process consists of a series of steps that occur to create human perception, recognition, and subsequent response to a stimulus (2011). Cherry defines the eight steps as: the environmental stimulus, the attended stimulus, the image on the retina, transduction, neural processing, perception, recognition, and finally, action (2011). Robinson-Riegler and Robinson-Riegler (2008) take the steps defined by Cherry and relate them to grouping order. As humans, we group information in particular order to make sense of the new stimuli. The two schools of thought on grouping as part of the perceptual organizational process are referred to as bottom-up or top-down. Bottom-up processing is the simpler of the two theories in that the stimulus itself drives the perception. Robinson-Riegler and Robinson-Riegler ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the concepts of both attention and perception using the class textbook and several other references. Examples provided.