Provide a description of two influences on or motivations for pair bonding. Then, explain two benefits and two challenges in maintaining stable, long-term relationships in adulthood. Be sure to include how environmental and/or socio-cultural influences impact pair bonding. Finally, explain how relationship challenges may motivate individuals to seek assistance from a counselor.
Pair bonding is the formation of an enduring and lasting romantic relationship between adult mates. It is an intense and monogamous social attachment to another individual.
"In a biological sense there are two types of pair bonds: the social pair bond and the sexual pair bond. The social pair bond is a strong behavioral and psychological relationship between two individuals that is measurably different in physiological and emotional terms from general friendships or other acquaintance relationships. The sexual pair bond is a behavioral and physiological bond between two individuals with a strong sexual attraction component. In this bond the participants in the sexual pair bond prefer to have sex with each other over other options (Fuentes, A. 2012)."
According to the Attachment theory, humans are intrinsically designed to seek pair bonds due to their early attachment to their mother during infancy. John Bowlby, the first attachment theorist, is probably the first to express how the need for these bonds last from "the cradle to the grave". His theory is that human infants are ...
This solution describes the factors that influence and motivate pair bonding as well as the benefits and challenges to maintaining long term stable relationships.