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Sexual dysfunction, schizophrenia, and cognitive disorders

Discuss the processes regarding sexual dysfunction, schizophrenia/psychotic, and cognitive disorders (about 300 words each). Three references please.

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Let's take a closer look at each of these three disorders in about 300 words each.

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1. Processes regarding sexual dysfunction, schizophrenia/psychotic, and cognitive disorders. 300 WORDS PLEASE

Sexual dysfunctions

Sexual dysfunction involves several different types based on their unique set of process and characteristics, including Sexual
Desire Disorders, Sexual Arousal Disorders, Orgasmic Disorders, Sexual Pain Disorders, Sexual Dysfunctions Due to a General Medical Condition and Sexual Dysfunction Not Otherwise Specified. In fact, the DSM-IV Guidebook (Francis, First and Pincus, 1995) summarized the different processes and phases of "normal" sexual response as well as the sexual dysfunctional processes that are associated with each of these phases:

(1) Sexual Desire - This phase consists of fantasies about sexual activity and the related desire for it. The DSM-IV disorders related to this phase are Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder and Sexual Aversion Disorder.
(2) Sexual Excitement - This phase consists of a subjective sense of sexual arousal and pleasure and the accompanying physiological changes. The major changes in the female consist of vasocongestion in the pelvis, vaginal lubrication and expansion, and swelling of the external genitalia. The major changes in the male consist of penile tumescence and erection. The related DSM-IV disorders are Female Arousal Disorder and Male Erectile Disorder.
(3) Orgasm - This phase consists of a climax of sexual pleasure with accompanying rhythmic contractions and the release of sexual tension. In the female, there are vaginal contractions. In the male, there is a sensation of ejaculatory inevitability, followed by the ejaculation of semen. The related DSM-IV disorders are Female and Male Orgasmic Disorder and Premature Ejaculation.
(4) Resolution - The fourth and final phase, consists of a sense in general relaxation, well-being and muscular relaxation. During this phase, males are physiologically refractory to further erection and orgasm for variable periods of time. In contrast, females may be able to respond to additional stimulation almost immediately. There are no disorders related to this phase. (Source: DSM-IV Casebook (Francis, First and Pincus,1995, cited in http://www.psychtreatment.com/sexual_dysfunction.htm)

Other sexual dysfunction process are also included in the DSM-IV, such as two disorders related to physical discomfort during sexual intercourse such as Dyspareunia, which is pain occurring during intercourse and vaginismus, or vaginal spasms that interfere with sexual intercourse. Other sexual dysfunctional processes that psychologists and other mental health clinicians deal with are patients or clients with Paraphilias, which are unusual sexual ...

Solution Summary

Discusses the processes regarding sexual dysfunction, schizophrenia/psychotic, and cognitive disorders. DSM-IV criterion are also provided. References included.

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