Describe and contrast how social learning approach and trait theory
explain personality differences between individuals. Also, discuss some examples of research relevant to these 2 approaches that show how differences in personality may influence behavior in the workplace.
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Trait theory is a major approach to the study of human personality. Trait theorists are mainly interested in the measure of traits. This perspective views traits as being fairly stable over time, differ among individuals and influence behavior. Psychologist Gordon Allport considered traits to be the building blocks of an individual's overall personality. He classifieed traits into three general categories:
* Cardinal traits: single large traits around which someone organizes his/her life.
* Central traits: traits that represent major characteristics of people.(Examples: honesty or optimism)
* Secondary traits: enduring personality traits that do not explain behavior in general. (Examples: personal styles and personal preferences.
Through research and experimentation Allport would eventually develop the "Big 5" Dimensions of Human Personality- the 5 categories into which he organized all our traits and ...
Thsi solution describes and contrasts the social learning approach and trait theory.