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Short term and long term memories; heredity, environment

1. Describe the form(s) in which information is coded in short-term memory and discuss the roles played by decay and interference in recalling information from short-term memory.

6. Summarize current beliefs and research regarding the role of heredity and environment in intelligence.

8. Summarize research findings on temperament in infants and children. How much is temperament determined by genetic inheritance versus environmental learning?

12. Summarize the research on aggression in humans in terms of the causes of aggression, methods for modifying aggressive behavior, and cultural and gender differences in aggression.

15. Summarize the research regarding socioeconomic and gender differences in coping with stress.

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1. Describe the form(s) in which information is coded in short-term memory and discuss the roles played by decay and interference in recalling information from short-term memory.

Human memory does not have a physical place in the brain in which the memory is stored We know that engram might be probable theoretically ascribed 'physical' location for our memories to be. Research done by Engel Tulving and others note that there are various forms of memories.
There is short term memory and then long term memory. According to this model, we have the STM , which is the organism's STM and then the procedural memory which translates into the LTM for future retrievals and usage. When a current memory is being stored in the brain, it is first noted to a note pad and then it enter the long term memory for preservation in the human brain. This is called a memory processing model. Chomsky, Neisser and other shave also linked the STM and LTM with psycho linguistics.

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/memory/

6. Summarize current beliefs and research regarding the role of heredity and environment in intelligence.
The role or contribution of heredity and environment is a classic debates in the field of psychology. Most theorists believe that in the contemporary times, the both the heredity as well as environmental factors play a combined role in the shaping of the personality of the individuals, including the state of their physical and psychological health. This is also called nature vs. nurture debate. Originally many theorists believed that the heredity alone determine the fate of the individuals' intelligence and life success as a result of that intelligence. The book called The Bell Curve by Herrnstein and Murray (1994) described the studies done by the two intelligence researchers and they confidently said that race has a key role to play in the intelligence. They said that African Americans have lower intelligence level than Caucasians, because of the African descent. This proposal caused a lot of unrest in the history of the intelligence theory. Theorists who aimed at exploring the environmental effects ...

Solution Summary

Memory: LTM, STM; heredity, environment comparison

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