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"Reality" & Cognitive Theorists

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The following question is obviously one I need to answer for a class. I don't expect you to answer the question for me, but I would appreciate it if someone could "point me in the right direction" so that I know how to answer this question on my own. In other words, could someone suggest where I might research for an answer? There is probably no right or wrong answer but I'm unsure of what I believe at this point?? I don't expect you to tell me what to believe but where are some opposing viewpoints that I might view in order for me to reach my own conclusion?

Is the "reality" assumed by theorists relative or absolute?

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Please see response attached. which is also presented below. I also attached an article to consider. I hope this helps and take care.


Relativism consists of various theories each of which claims that some element or aspect of experience or culture is relative to, i.e., dependent on, some other element or aspect. For example, some relativists claim that humans can understand and evaluate beliefs and behaviors only in terms of their historical or cultural context. The term often refers to truth relativism, which is the doctrine that there are no absolute truths, i.e., that truth is always relative to some particular frame of reference, such as a language or a culture.

Cognitive theorists argue (and do) from tow positions. One argument for relativism suggests that our own cognitive bias prevents us from observing something objectively with our own senses, and notational bias will apply to whatever we can allegedly measure without using our senses. In addition, we have a culture bias - shared with other trusted observers - which we cannot eliminate. A counterargument to this states that subjective ...

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This solution examines the question: Is the "reality" assumed by theorists relative or absolute? Supplemented with an article on three theories of cognitive theories.

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Need to know how to debate the stimulate critical thought and help recognize theoretical gaps or flaws in basic assumptions,

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