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Process of Neurotransmitter Release

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Explain the process a neuron undergoes when going from a resting potential to an action potential to the release of its neurotransmitters.

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The Neuron

The neuron is a nerve cell, an electrically excitable basic unit of animals that includes us, humans. As a specialized cell, it is defined by the fact that it is electrically excitable, containing complex membrane junctions known as synapses, which allow for the transmission of signals to other cells. Glial cells provide structural & metabolic support to neurons. The entirety of nerve cells and gill cells in the body make up the nervous system. In humans, the majority of the neurons are located in the central nervous system - the system that integrates, controls and manages all the activities of the human body including thinking. Some more neurons however can be found in peripheral ganglias for sensory activities (i.e. as part of the visual system, as part of the spinal system). Neurons do not undergo cell division (except for the very special neural stem cells). As electrically excitable forms, voltage travel across the membranes by the use of ...

Solution Summary

The solutipn provides information, assistance and advice on tackling the subject of neurotransmission, discussing the process a neuron goes throughfrom resting to action. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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Process from Action Potential to Release of Neurotransmitter

Briefly list the steps, beginning with an action potential that arrives at the nerve terminal, which ultimately lead to the release of neurotransmitter into a synaptic cleft.

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