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primary and secondary data

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These areas are considered:

1. Compare and contrast the characteristics of primary and secondary data.

2. Explain the role of statistics in research.

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Some of my favorites for primary data are:

1. Rosenthal, R., & Jacobson, L. (1966). Teachers' expectancies: Determinates of pupils' IQ gains. Psychological Reports, 19, 115-118.

2. Friedman, M. & Rosenman, R. H. (1961). Association of Specific Behavior Pattern in Women with Blood and Cardiovascular Findings. Circulation, 24, 1173-1184.

3. Triandis, H., Bontempo, R., Villareal, M., Asai, M., & Lucca, N. (1988). Individualism and collectivism: Corss-cultural perspectives on self-ingroup relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 323-338.

The third one might be difficult to read, but it's very interesting. In each study, the researchers used statistical methods to figure out what happened. Each study had several groups of participants separated by some sort of imposed or actual difference between them. In the first study, the teachers were told that the students were different. The researchers found that this had an effect on how the teachers treated the students. Through measuring the teachers interactions and scores, the researchers proved that there was a statistical ...

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This job distinguishes between primary and secondary data.

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