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Secondary and Primary Data

Compare and contrast secondary and primary data. Give an example of how you would collect secondary data. How do you create primary data?

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Data can be collected either through primary sources or secondary sources. Thus these both are data collection techniques.

Primary sources are "firsthand information" or "original thinking" relevant to an event. They include relevant records of the event, for example letters, photographs, diaries, or speeches, interviews, recordings, paintings, or even computer software, e-mail correspondence and web pages. Examples of primary sources include:

* Personal papers
* Letters (both personal and business)
* Diaries and journals (both personal and business)
* Photographs & paintings, sketches, original maps, etc.
* Advertisements, posters, and banners
* Memoirs

Hence data created through original research is also considered a primary source. Such data includes questionnaires, surveys (so-called research "instruments") or statistical compilations of data relevant to an event which are conducted by a researcher.

Secondary data means use of collection of existing data. ...

Solution Summary

This solution defines primary and secondary data and gives multiple examples of each. It also details how to collect secondary data and create primary data. All references used are included.