I need help understanding Erikson's psychosocial stage theory.
Erik Erickson had a theory on human development. He believed that development continues throughout the entire life span. He also believed that the later experiences in life were just as important in contributing to a person's development. Erikson believed that human beings can improve, can change, and get better. He recognized that as a culture changes, so can the approaches that we take to treat people who exhibit various personality dysfunctions. Erikson says our person is in the psychosocial challenge of identity versus role confusion and the ultimate goal is identity achievement. When it comes to identity formation, "the apple doesn't fall far from the tree." In other words, the generation gap isn't as wide as most people think. Erikson agreed with Freud on some development issues but believed that a person's development continues throughout the entire life. Erikson disagreed with Freud because Erikson stressed that both early and later experiences in a person's life are equally important; whereas, Freud concentrated on only the early experiences (1).
According to Erikson, there are eight stages of development in which a person continues to grow: Trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame and doubt, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus identity confusion, intimacy versus isolation, ...
Discusses Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial theory of human development.