Opposite to the "glass barrier" is tokenism, in which a small number of individuals are hired, not for their vocational attributes, but instead for their demographics. These individuals "constitute less than 15% of their work group [and] experience stress, social isolation, heightened visibility, and accusations of role violations" (Brown & Lent, 2005, pp. 265-266).
Can you talk a bit about" role violations" (in a paragraph) and please include in your discussion how these role-violations enforce the glass ceiling effect on a subtle level. Thanks
Role violations refer to people of a certain gender acting or taking on the characteristics of those in the opposite gender. When women are put into roles mainly because of their gender and not due to their qualifications, they will undergo various issues ...