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APA and SIOP in Psychology

The field of I/O Psychology has left its imprint on many significant aspects of society. In examining the field of I/O, it is important to acknowledge the paths that have been taken. Consider some of the ways in which I/O has made a difference in today's society. To name a few historical transitions, consider how fair employment laws have led to better hiring practices. Consider how assessments have helped us decide where to begin an organizational intervention; testing has allowed us to fit the right person to the right job; and personality instruments have helped leaders to discover their strengths and weaknesses. Theories of motivation have helped us understand behaviors in the workplace and create systems for reward and compensation. Lastly, think of the ways in which professional organizations such as APA and SIOP have helped us develop and maintain our academic and professional standards.

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Consider some of the ways in which I/O has made a difference in today's society. To name a few historical transitions, consider how fair employment laws have led to better hiring practices.

Industrial/organizational psychology is focused on studying people within organizations. This branch of Psychology can be dated to the 1930's under the threat of World Wars I and II (McMillan, Stevens, Kelloway, 2009). On this basis the development of Industrial /Organization psychology emphasized the influence of the military during the World Wars as the catalyst that brought I-O psychology into academia (Katzell & Austin, 1992 as cited in McMillan et al, 2009). I-O psychology gained prominence after the World War II influenced by the social psychology of Kurt Lewin, whose field force analyses provided a framework for looking at factors in social situations.

(1) Consider how assessments have helped us decide where to begin an organizational intervention; testing has allowed us to fit the right person to the right job; and personality instruments have helped leaders to discover their strengths and weaknesses.

Industrial/organizational psychology is focused on studying people with organizations. This branch of Psychology can be dated to the 1930's under the threat of World Wars I and II (McMillan, Stevens, Kelloway, 2009). For example, the development of Industrial /Organization psychology emphasized the influence of the military during the World Wars as the catalyst that brought I-O psychology into academia (Katzell & Austin, 1992 as cited in McMillan et al, 2009). I-O psychology gained prominence after the World War II influenced by the social psychology of Kurt Lewin, whose field force analyses provided a framework for looking at factors in social situations. Research indicates that industrial psychology were among the first disciplines to conduct research focused on recording events and methods. For instance, studies are presentedthat in which the effects of unemployment were observed on daily life (Jahoda, Lazarsfeld, and Aeisel (1991 as cited in Klumb, Elfering, & Herre, 2009).

During the 1950's and 1960's, I-O ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses Industrial/Organization Psychology and some of the ways it has benefited society

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