Agoraphobia: fear of open places and unfamiliar settings. Explain it and give an example.
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1. Agoraphobia: fear of open places and unfamiliar settings. Explain it and give an example.
Examples include a fear of traveling or leaving the house. It might be a fear of leaving the yard, thus restricting traveling, going out of the house or the yard.
According the DSM-IV-TR, agoraphobia is "[avoidance or anxiety related to open spaces or any place outside of one's home or a safe zone characterize this Anxiety Disorder related to Panic Disorder. The DSM-IV-TR, diagnostic criteria for agoraphobia is:
Note: Agoraphobia is not a codable disorder. Code the specific disorder in which the Agoraphobia occurs (e.g., 300.21 Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia or 300.22 Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder).
A. Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult (or embarrassing) or in which help may not be available in the event of having an unexpected or situationally predisposed Panic Attack or panic-like symptoms. Agoraphobic fears typically involve characteristic clusters of situations that include being outside the home alone; being in a crowd or standing in a line; being on a bridge; and traveling in a bus, train, or automobile. Note: Consider the diagnosis of Specific Phobia if the avoidance is limited to one or only a few specific situations, or Social Phobia if the avoidance is limited to social situations.
B. The situations are avoided (e.g., travel is restricted) or else are endured with marked distress or with anxiety about having a Panic Attack or panic-like symptoms, or require the presence of a companion.
C. The anxiety or phobic avoidance is not better accounted for by another mental ...
The impact of culture on gender identity is clearly explored in this case and references are included for the student to use for further exploration.