Explore BrainMass

Precedents Set By George Washington

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

a) Washington created the first Presidential Cabinet. Who was on the cabinet, and what departments did they represent? Who is on the cabinet today, and what departments do they represent?

b) Washington was the first President to leave office after two terms. Is that precedent still followed today? Why or why not?

c) Washington was the first to establish foreign policy, and issued the Proclamation of Neutrality. What situation did this proclamation address? What agency advises the President on foreign policy today? What is the role of this agency?

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 8:26 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

a) Washington created the first Presidential Cabinet. Who was on the Cabinet, and what Departments did they represent? Who is on the Cabinet today, and what Departments do they represent?

Initially, Washington's cabinet was only four: State, War, Treasury and the President's lawyer. As the nation expanded and became more complex, more responsibilities were laid on the executive branch. Hence, more offices were added: the navy was one important one, interior (by the 1880s) and, around the same time, the postal service. As the US became a global economic power, the Secretary of Commerce was added, a Secretary of Labor and a Secretary of Agriculture. "Commerce and Labor" were added as one department in 1903.

The Interior was the direct result of the Mexican War of 1846, and the continued expansion of the US over Indian territory. Agriculture was added about 20 years later. The Justice Department grew with the size and scope of the federal government. It is no accident that it was established right after the civil war. The federal government became larger, had more power, needed to prosecute crimes against it, and, in addition, became an international power. Labor was created in 1913, right as the US became an industrial power and needed to deal with a large working class.

Commerce used to contain Transportation, but this was not raised to a separate cabinet position until the 1960s. The Cold War necessitated a fully national transportation infrastructure. The welfare state, created by Johnson in 1964, helped create the Health and Human Services department in 1979, which itself was separated from the Department of Education, established in 1953, strangely enough, as part of the National Security bureaucracy. The same movement created the Department of Housing in 1965.

Energy was created in the late 1970s to deal with several problems: first, the use of nuclear energy and second, the oil price spikes of 1973. Veterans Affairs was created under Reagan, and the EPA, in 1970, which is not formally a cabinet department, but is treated like one. Homeland Security was created after 9-11.

The point is that these agencies became cabinet positions because the country changed: it grew larger, more centralized, wealthier, more into trade and commerce, and welfare. As these developed, so did the executive branch. All the above still exist today, with the ...

Solution Summary

The precedents set by George Washington is provided. The department which this represents is determined.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution


Hi I need help with another guide and corrects on what I did. Look on Week 2 dq 2 at the bottom you will find what I wrote.

Sorry I forgot the website. Guided search: an alternative to the feature integration model for visual search.
Top-down and bottom-up theories of perception

I did the work except for the last one (The social and cultural influence on perceptions...)
I need to know if I am on the right track. I gave you the bean bag pictures so that you can see what i was talking about. I just need a guide to figure out what cultural influence on perception means. Also I need to know if my grammar is correct and APA style is correct also. I did the work.

View Full Posting Details