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    International relations, individual level analysis

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    Forum Question:
    The Individual Level: Policymakers and their environment
    Under what conditions, if any, is the individual level of analysis more useful than the unit-level or system-level? Why? In your response, describe at least five specific examples in which the individual level of analysis could provide greater insight into state actions.
    P.S: Your initial post should be at least 500 words.
    P.S: Please respond as it's your own assignment. I will accept your thought about the topic (subject). Please take your time to read the whole post to understand what to be done for this question.
    PS: YOUR ANSWER should be analytic in nature and include examples that can bolster your argument. YOUR ANSWER should be free of any spelling or grammar errors and properly cited in Turabian format. At least 3 references. Make sure to proofread carefully.
    500 words or more in total. Concerning the references you must include scholarly references, and the references for the reading assigned to you for this forum question.
    Instructor Comment:
    "You should focus on the forum question. Also, make sure to use the readings that you were assigned for some of your references." P.S: Please look for the attachment mentioned "Lesson - The Individual Level: Policymakers and their environment" It's the reading for this forum question.
    Here are some Reading & Resources for this forum post.
    The Individual Level: Policymakers and their environment
    Daniel Byman and Kenneth Pollack, "Let us now Praise Great men: Bringing the Statesman Back In," International Security Vol. 25, (No. 4) Spring 2001: 107-146. http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/3092135
    Morton Halperin, Priscilla Klapp, and Arnold Kanter, Bureaucratic Politics and Foreign Policy, 2nd Edition (Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2006): 9-98 (Chapters 2-5). http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=174423&site=ehost-live
    Steve Smith, "Groupthink and the Hostage Rescue Mission," British Journal of Political Science Vol. 15, No.1 (January 1985): 117-123. http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/193750

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    Solution Preview

    Individual levels of analysis give the analyst the ability to see the process of the decision rather than overall effect and hear the spin on the decision. At the individual level one can analyze the person and their influences and the information they used to make decisions. Sometimes one can determine if the individual was using rational choice or was merely participating in group think. This can help to determine if a decision was made correctly out of alternatives for the greater good, as is expected from those working in public service, or out of some other reason.
    In most complex situations, one cannot know the future outcomes of a decision, despite considering all potential alternatives. Sometimes the choices are made through a melioration behavior, which does not always validate the norms of economic rationality, but does consider potential alternatives incrementally. These sequential steps show that humans may use ...

    Solution Summary

    One opinion on the value of individual level analysis in international relations.