Describe the different party systems, political parties, and party leaders of the political systems. What factors contribute to the election or appointment of the leaders and officials of the different systems and parties?
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There are two general forms of representation - proportional and winner-take-all. There are some combinations of the two.
The proportional system assigns seats based on the proportion of votes that the party gets. It favors small parties because they actually have a chance (beyond a certain threshold) to get a few seats in the legislature.
The second is the American or English system, the "winner take all." In this case, there is a single election per district, and the winner is he with the most votes. This normally favors large parties and a basic two party system. This is because smaller parties need to join with larger ones to elect a candidate, since only ...
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