How is neural plasticity related to the case of Phinea Gage?
It seems that the ventromedial part of the frontal cortex governs questions of doubt and belief. This part of the cortex degenerates after age 60. This might be related to confabulation because the truth and falsehood of claims becomes fuzzier as this part of the cortex gets damaged or aged (MN, 2012).
There is also an article dealing specifically with the Lateral part of the prefrontal. This part seems to govern basic behavioral planning. What is affected here is our ability to attend to important things at the expense of less important (Tasji and Hoshi, 2008).
It is also clear that damage to the dorsolateral part of the prefrontal is associated with dysexecutive syndrome. This is not entirely unrelated to the Lateral section above. The general concept with damage to this region is based around the inability to think rationally, especially when it comes to behavior choices. This can include the repetition of actions that have already been completed or the phenomenon of using an object at an incorrect time (Simon, 2008).
Now, when it comes to making sense of all this in terms of the brain's specialized functions, the prefrontal cortex seems to have several - all of which are related. The authors here stress that recent research has located the functional differentiation of the prefrontal cortex to their being ...
How neural plasticity relates to the case of Phinea Gage are determined.