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    God's existence: arguments

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    Argue for god's existence, using all the arguements discussed in the chapter and referring to the philosophers who held those views by name. Do not argue from your own religious experience or what your mama or preacher said, or what the bible says.

    1. God as transcendent- Soren Kierkegaard
    2.God as totally immanent: Pantheism- Baruch Spinoza
    3. God as universal spirit- G.W.F. Hegel
    4. God as Process- Akhnaton and Charles Hartshorne
    5.God as Transcendent Creator: Deism- Voltaire
    6.God as the Unknown object of faith- Soren Kierkegaard

    Defend God's existence in light of the problem of evil. what philosophers agree with you? Who disagrees?

    I have the Big Question textbook by Robert Solomon.

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    Solution Preview

    It sounds like the request is to argue for God's existence, not to discuss the (very substantial) objections to each of these theories.

    These arguments all move in very different directions, so I would find it hard to come up with a coherent single theory from these points of view; you will need to emphasize some of these more than others in your own position.

    What you need to do is to first identify what each of these thinkers say: I find putting Kierkegaard into the mix especially interesting, for Kierkegaard belief in God is purely an act of faith-he explicitly says that you cannot rationally be sure of God's existence-such belief is a "leap of faith". God represents the transcendent realm, beyond human reason.

    Kierkegaard was extremely critical of Hegel incidentally for he thought that Hegel's philosophy did not deal with how real people lived their lives, and that ultimately, his project-a logical construction of the entire universe, the totality of which is equivalent to God-was impossible. For Kierkegaard, God was beyond understanding, an object of faith, not reason.

    In many ways Hegel's conception bears some relation to Spinoza's solution, often called a pantheistic solution. What Spinoza does is take the notion of God's universal ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution provides concise advice in the listed philosophies above (see original problem), arguing for God's existence.