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ST. Augustine & Joan of Arc

1. Why do you think theology dominated reason (philosophy and science) during the middle ages?
2. Did Joan emulate Augustine's credo: I believe in order to understand. If so how, if not, why?
3. What were the conditions of human life during Joan's time? Did she fight in a just war?
4. Did Joan possess human freedom or were her actions predetermined by God?

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Medieval Theology: St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas & St. Joan d'Arc

1. Why do you think theology dominated reason (philosophy and science) during the middle ages?

The answer to this question relates to the historical events and the social order of the Middle Ages. While pockets of Medieval society explore what we can now call the sciences (i.e. some monasteries experimented on botany, medieval 'hospitals' experimented on creating medicines and concoctions from herbs, minerals and other chemicals while some other early engineers and mathematicians worked on mathematical and engineering projects), the fact that it is 'separate' from the reality or order of the Divine was not accepted. The world was explained according to religion for together with the Feudal Lords and the nobles/monarchs it was the Church that had much control over Medieval society. Therefore the explanation of the world was according to the well-established belief-system that was Christianity and while reason was applied in inquiry on the subjects of the Arts and Medieval science, the standard from which all reality is judged is according to how the Church sees it. Hence, rain for example is a Divine phenomenon and Death as well as Life is explained according to the Divine. So, while ...

Solution Summary

The solution is an 838-word Q&A narrative that answers each of the 4 questions listed above (see original posting) about the dominant beliefs, philosophies and viewpoints in the Middle Ages with a particular focus on Joan of Arc and St. Augustine. references are listed. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.