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Aristotle & Aquinas

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Discuss the following:

Aristotle's Hierarchy of Souls
Natural Happiness
Aquinas' Proving the Existence of God

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Aristotle's Hierarchy of Souls

Aristotle, Plato's pupil follows in the Socratic tradition of including the debate of the 'divine' in moral philosophy. But unlike Plato (A dualist) Aristotle was a materialist who believes that our mind is inseparable from our body. Body is the material form of the person, the psyche/soul is its structure, characteristic, essence and unique identity. For Aristotle, all organisms have a kind of hierarchy. Plants have souls (vegetative) that are capable of providing nutrition and growth to itself and above them the souls of animals (sensitive) who have desires, ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a concise 458-narrative that discusses and explains the following concepts: Aristotle's Hierarchy of Souls, Natural Happiness and St. Thomas Aquinas' way of Proving the Existence of God. references are listed to allow room for further research. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Compare Aristotle's argument for the existence of prime movers & Thomas Aquinas' first proof for the existence of God.

Aquinas' first proof is based on his knowledge of Aristotle's prime movers theory. Everything in the world is in state of flux (change) and behind every movement there must be a chain of events that brought about the movement that we see taking place.
What is the idea of Aristotle's prime mover? Did he believe in more than one prime mover? Can we say he called the prime mover 'God'? How can the concepts of efficient cause and final cause be explained? What is different Aristotle's prime mover and Aquinas' first proof?

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