Thrasymachus the Sophist has defined "Justice" as "the interest of the stronger parties". In light of Socrates' considered view of Justice as expounded over the course of the Republic
a) in what sense would Socrates agree that Thrasymachus is entirely correct?
b) in what sense would Socrates say that Thrasymachus is deeply confused?
In Plato's 'The Republic', the views of Socrates on justice was contrasted to the views of Thrasymachus of Chalcedony, an elder sophist. 'The Republic' is a Socratic dialogue that discusses justice - its meaning, the elements that make it up. Additionally, this work also discusses what makes up a just society/city and what defines a just man. Plato is a master of presenting emergent ideas via dialogue. Thrasymachus and Socrates debate about justice and what emerges are the following: For Thrasymachus, justice is defined by those in power and by the majority. Justice is also about following the law. However, judicial advantage ...
Based on the work of Plato, the definition of the Sophist idea of Justice via the work of Thrasymachus is compared and contrasted to the view of justice by Socrates as set out in 'The Republic'. References are listed for further exploration of the topic.
Philosophy and Social Justice
Identify some of the features and values you associate with a just society. For example, does it include access to quality education, basic healthcare, and housing? How involved should the national government be with local issues and personal decisions about healthcare and other issues? Is the opportunity for economic equality important regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, and so on?
Present an account of at least one social/political philosophy from the assigned readings with support from the course texts and online lectures that might achieve the values/features you identify. For example, you might discuss classical theories, social contract theory (including Rawls' veil of ignorance), Marxism, and/or feminist philosophy.
Explain how the theory would achieve the just society you envision.
Make comparisons between the just society you envision and the United States. You may need to do additional research to support the claims you make about social and economic conditions in the U.S.
Identify and explain an additional political theory that would take a different approach.