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The Definition of Justice

The basic assumption of 'justice is impartiality' 'justice as mutual agreement' encompassing very different concepts.

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What is Justice?

A decisive feature of justice, impartiality, is often symbolized by the covered eyes of the Roman goddess Justitia; statues of her adorn many court buildings and public places. Justice as a complex concept encompasses a tense relationship among considerations of merit, equality, liberty, utility, and need, reflecting the values of some prevailing community of interests. The basic assumption of 'justice is impartiality' 'justice as mutual agreement' encompasses very different concepts: a) justice is derived from the mutual agreement between selfish individuals; or b) justice is derived from what self interested (but not selfish) people would agree to under hypothetical conditions including equality and the absence of bias. 'Justice as impartiality' theories arose in the Age of Enlightenment. Kant is considered their ...

Solution Summary

This is a discussion of the definition of justice as a complex concept encompassing a tense relationship among considerations of merit, equality, liberty, utility, and need, reflecting the values of some prevailing community of interests.

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