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Criminal Justice System: Components and Structure

Explanation of the criminal justice system by describing the components of the criminal justice system, the criminal process, the definition of a crime, its relationship to the law, and its governmental structure.

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Criminal Justice System: Components and Structure

A. Components of the Criminal Justice System and the Criminal Process

Law Enforcement: The main component that enforces federal and state criminal laws; this component can determine whether to settle a case in the enforcement level by issuing a fine if it is a minor offense or refer the suspect to the criminal justice system.

Prosecution: This component is composed of the United States Attorney's Office for federal offenses and the prosecutor's office for state offenses; these agencies will decide if charges will be filed or if the case will be dropped; if charges will be filed than the case will be referred to the judiciary component; the prosecutors will represent the interest of the people of their state while the U.S. attorneys will represent the interest of the United States in the trial courts.

Judiciary: The judiciary component is the court system. Through the court system, a judge or a jury will hear the evidence presented by the U. S. attorneys or prosecutors. The defendant has the right to counsel either privately or through the public defenders offices, both on the federal or state level. After reviewing the evidence presented by both sides, the judge or jury will determine whether the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable ...

Solution Summary

The solution explains the components of the criminal justice system, the criminal process, what a crime is, its relationship to the law, and the governmental structure of the criminal justice system. This is a 781 word document written in outline format with sources cited.

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