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How to Properly Construct a Research Paper

Subject: Expound on the advantages of plastic pipe over materials in a water infrastructure.
 Frame your paper in 2,500 to 5,000 words, following the style guidelines outlined below.
 Entries will be judged on vision, understanding of issues, originality and emphasis on material solutions.
Style Guidelines
Submit your paper in the style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.
Consistent with APA style, include four major sections in your paper: Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

Title Page
Include the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header (described above) flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page.

Type the title in upper- and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. Limit your title to no more than 12 words, with no abbreviations. Double-space text on the title page.

Abstract
Begin a new page and center the word "Abstract" (no bold, formatting, italics, underlining, or quotation marks).
Beginning with the next line, write a 150- to 250-word summary of the key points of your research. (Do not indent.) Write it in one double-spaced paragraph.
An Author's Note is not required.

Main Body
The Main Body of the paper may include, as outlined in the APA style guide, Introduction, Method, Results, Discussion, Experiments, and Meta-Analyses. Construct your argument with these or other elements.
Follow key general formatting requirements of APA style, which include:
 Type double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides, 12-pt. Times New Roman font.
 Include a page header at the top of every page. To create a page header, insert page numbers flush right. Then type the title of your paper in capital letters and quotation marks in the header flush left.
Follow style guidelines in Punctuation, Spelling, Capitalization, Italics, Abbreviations, Numbers, Metrication, Statistical, Mathematical Copy, and Equations found in Chapter 4 of the APA style manual.

References
Place your reference listings at the end of your paper, including each source you cite in the reference list.

Begin the references on a new page separate from the text of the essay and label this page "References," centered at the top of the page.

Follow these general formatting guidelines:
 Double-space text.
 Indent the second and subsequent lines of each entry one-half inch.
 Invert last names and use initials for first names, up to six names. Use ellipses after the sixth name.
 Alphabetize reference list by the last name of the first author of each work.
 Order by year of publication, starting with the earliest, of multiple articles written by the same author.
 Capitalize all major words in journal titles.
 Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals, but do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.
Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, for complete requirements.
Also please click on this link for a list of errors that were printed in this edition.

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Dear Student,
Hi. As you have explained in your previous message, you need help in putting together a paper that follows the rules set out in your attachment. A little note - the paper you need help in, I believe, is in environmental science and not under the heading of Philosophy. Be that as it may, my expertise here comes into the research necessary for you to do the paper as well as the assistance in putting it together. I can provide you the resources but essentially, you will already have information on this matter with you with your current course materials. Now, what you need to do to put together a paper on this subject that is lengthy and informative is to plan out your paper. Essentially, your professor already gave you the structure which is as follows -

1. Cover Page
2. Abstract - 200 words
3. Introduction - what is the paper about 300 words
4. Method of your research - 300 words
5. The result of your research - 300 words
6. Discussion of the result - 300 words
7. Conclusion - 300 words
8. Implication - 300 words

Together with the Abstract, this should meet the 2,000 words requirement. Now, it appears to me that your professor is expecting that you will present a research paper. This entails you actually doing research on the subject. Additionally, your professor is expecting you to report on an experiment. Of course I cannot do these for you - you have to actually go out there and do the experiment that is related to the research. Since you did not explain to me what you need with regards to completing this task other than providing you support, I am assuming that you are stumped into how to begin the task and complete it. Environmental science is like any other science in that research entails observing and proving a hypothesis to establish a theory or prove/disprove an idea. Research always follows the scientific method and that is what we will use as the basis here. If you are not familiar with the scientific method the short cut version is this - start with a research question, establish the hypothesis, design a research or study to test the hypothesis, using that design gather the data needed by operational sing said design, analyse the data, test the results of the analysis, reveal whether findings prove/disprove hypothesis.

So with this in mind, you need to have a question to explore and that question I think has to be related to your subject of study and in this case I think it should be - "Is plastic piping a better option than other materials for use in the home?"Now, based on this, you can utilize this hypothesis - "Plastic materials are the better options for use in home." This of course must be proven in the paper. ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in putting together a research paper on the topic of expounding on advantages of plastic pipe over other materials in a water infrastructure. The solution suggests an outline, provides information on the topic and lists resources that can be of use.

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