In your opinion - Which are the most important Philosophers to cite when viewing the justifications and implications for stating that all ethical statements are relative?
Thank you for your question,
<br>Before we identify the most important philosophers that engaged with ethics and relativism we need to be clear first what we mean by the term "ethics". This can refer to either of the following:
<br> A system of normative moral judgements, guidelines and ideals
<br> A theory about ethics in the first sense (this type is called meta-ethics)
<br>Ethics and ethical statements are meant to tell us what is wrong and what is right. The general goal is to show us how to best live our lives. For example, a system of ethics in the first sense might tell us that murder is morally impermissible, that mercy is morally good, that marital fidelity is morally ideal, or that caring for one's children is morally obligatory.
<br>1. Immanuel Kant: No doubt, that one of the most influential philosophers who spoke about ethical relativism is the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant attempted to formulate a criterion that would allow us to identify correct moral laws. In particular, in his 1785 Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals, he said that when we act we base our ...