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Affirmative Action?

Looking for 4 paragraphs of clarity on these questions:

Using these articles:

Thomas R. Roosevelt Jr. (2006). New York. AMACOM, American Management Association."Building on the promise of diversity: How we can move to the next level in our workplaces, our communities, and our society". Chapter 4. http://library.books24x7.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/toc.asp?bookid=11926

Michelle T. Johnson. (2006). New York. AMACOM, American Management Association. "The diversity code: Unlock the secrets to making differences work in the real world". http://proquestbus.safaribooksonline.com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/?uiCode=apus&xmlId=9780814416327

Roslyn Arlin Mickelson. (2002). "The Academic Consequences of Desegregation and Segregation: Evidence from the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools". http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/the-academic-consequences-of-desegregation-and-segregation-evidence-from-the-charlotte-mecklenburg-schools

What do you believe to be the primary moral wrong committed by discrimination (appeal to the moral theories)?

What do you see to be the primary moral justifications in favor of affirmative action (again appeal to moral theories to support your position)?

Based upon your position do you believe that affirmative action is justified?

Why, or why not?

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Solution Preview

Step 1
The primary wrong committed by discrimination is that from the de-ontological ethical perspective it is the duty of the person not to discriminate against anyone (a person of different color, sex, religion, etc). When a person discriminates the person fails to perform her duty. For instance, it is the duty of a person making employment related decisions not to discriminate when hiring, promoting, giving increments, providing training, or firing. If the person discriminates during any of these activities she has not performed her duty. This is the primary moral wrong committed by discrimination. Similarly, if a person, organization, or an institution discriminates, from the perspective of consequential ethics the effects are enormous. The section of society discriminated against loses opportunities, becomes poor, and has weak health. The children of persons discriminated against have fewer opportunities, get alienated, and live on the margins of society. The consequences are deplorable.

Step 2
The primary moral justifications in favor of affirmative action are that ...

Solution Summary

Affirmative Action is discussed step-by-step in this solution. The response also includes the sources used.