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Affirmative Action

What is Affirmative Action?
What was the initial intent of Affirmative-Action legislation?
What did the landmark Bakke vs. Regents case conclude?
What was the basis for the conclusion?
What are the positive and negative results of Affirmative Action legislation?
In your evaluation, is Affirmative Action legislation is still appropriate?

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What is Affirmative Action?

Affirmative action (AA) refers to the taking of positive steps to hire and promote people from groups who were previously discriminated against (Carroll & Buchhholtz, 2006, p. 595). The concept of AA was first introduced by President Lyndon Johnson who assigned an executive order to acquire firms dealing with the federal government to hire minority individuals. During President Lyndon administration, the government was not committed to AA until President Richard Nixon revived the idea of racial hiring preferences. Although AA was required to companies that did business with the federal government, many private sector companies adopted the practice voluntarily.

What was the initial intent of Affirmative-Action legislation?
The initial intent of affirmative ...

Solution Summary

This solution defines affirmative action and explains its intent.