A V-gauge is used to find the diameters of pipes. Look at the figure in the attachment, the measure of angle AVB is 54°. A pipe is placed in the V-shaped slot and the distance VP is used to predict the diameter.
a. Suppose that the diameter of a pipe is 2 cm. What is the distance VP?
b. Suppose that the distance VP is 3.93 cm. What is the diameter of the pipe?
c. Find the formula for d in terms of VP.
d. Find a formula for VP in terms of d.
This is an example of right angle trigonometry to find diameter of a pipe and rearrange formulas.