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    Probability : False Positive

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    An experimental test to detect a particular type of cancer indicates the presence of cancer in 90% of individuals known to have this type of cancer, and in 15% of individuals known to be cancer-free (false positive). One hundred individuals volunteer to take the test. Of the 100, 60 are known to have the cancer, and 40 are known to be cancer-free. If the test indicates that that one of the individuals, randomly chosen, has the cancer, what is the probability that he or she is actually cancer-free?

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    Solution Summary

    Probability of a false-positive is investigated. The solution is detailed and well presented. The response received a rating of "5" from the student who posted the question.