An experimental test to detect a particular type of cancer indicates the presence of cancer in 90% of individuals known to have this type of cancer, and in 15% of individuals known to be cancer-free (false positive). One hundred individuals volunteer to take the test. Of the 100, 60 are known to have the cancer, and 40 are known to be cancer-free. If the test indicates that that one of the individuals, randomly chosen, has the cancer, what is the probability that he or she is actually cancer-free?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 4, 2021, 6:10 pm ad1c9bdddf
Probability of a false-positive is investigated. The solution is detailed and well presented. The response received a rating of "5" from the student who posted the question.