Solve the following problems showing your work:
1. In a poll, respondents were asked whether they had ever been in a car accident. 157 respondents indicated that they had been in a car accident and 117 respondents said that they had not been in a car accident. If one of these respondents is randomly selected, what is the probability of getting someone who has been in a car accident?
2. In a certain class of students, there are 12 boys from Wilmette, 3 girls from Kenilworth, 9 girls from Wilmette, 6 boys from Glencoe, 2 boys from Kenilworth and 6 girls from Glencoe. If the teacher calls upon a student to answer a question, what is the probability that the student will be from Kenilworth?
3. Find the probability of correctly answering the first 2 questions on a multiple choice test if random guesses are made and each question has 5 possible answers.
4. Of 1936 people who came into a blood bank to give blood, 200 people had high blood pressure. Estimate the probability that the next person who comes in to give blood will have high blood pressure.
= CountAccident / CountTotal
= 157 / (157 + 117) = 157 / 274 = 0.573 = 0.573 * 100% = 57.3%
= CountKenilworth / CountTotal
= (3 girls + 2 boys) / ...
The solution provides answers to four probability questions and shows the steps of the calculations.