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Advance Products, Inc.

Advance Products, Inc. has just organized a new division to manufacture and sell specially designed tables using select hardwoods for personal computers. The divisions monthly costs are shown the schedule below:

Manufacturing costs:
Variable costs per unit:

Direct materials $86
Variable manufacturing overhead $4
Fixed manufacturing overhead $240,000

Selling and administrative costs:
Variable 15% of sales
Fixed (total) $160,000

Advance Products regards all of its workers as full-time employees and the company has a longer standing no-layoff policy. Furthermore, production is highly automated. Accordingly, the company includes its labor costs in its fixed manufacturing overhead. The tables sell for $250 each.

During the first month of operations, the following activity was recorded:

Units produced 4,000
Units sold 3,200

1. Compute the unit product cost under:
a. Absorption costing
b. Variable costing
2. Prepare an income statement for the month using absorption costing.
3. Prepare a contribution format income statement for the month using variable costing.
4. Assume that the company must obtain additional financing. As a member of top management, which of the statements that you have prepared in (2) and (3) above, would you prefer to take with you as you negotiate with that bank? Why?
5. Reconcile the absorption costing and variable costing net operating income figures in (2) and (3) above.

Solution Preview

Advance Products, Inc. has just organized a new division to manufacture and sell specially designed tables using select hardwoods for personal computers. The divisions monthly costs are shown the schedule below:

Manufacturing costs:
Variable costs per unit:

Direct materials $86
Variable manufacturing overhead $4
Fixed manufacturing overhead $240,000

Selling and administrative costs:
Variable 15% of sales
Fixed (total) $160,000

Advance Products regards all of its workers as full-time employees and the company has a longer standing no-layoff policy. Furthermore, production is highly automated. Accordingly, the company includes its labor costs in its fixed manufacturing overhead. The tables sell for $250 each.

During the first month of operations, the following activity was recorded:

Units produced 4,000
Units sold 3,200

1. ...

Solution Summary

This solution is comprised of a detailed explanation to
1. Compute the unit product cost under:
a. Absorption costing
b. Variable costing
2. Prepare an income statement for the month using absorption costing.
3. Prepare a contribution format income statement for the month using variable costing.
4. Assume that the company must obtain additional financing. As a member of top management, which of the statements that you have prepared in (2) and (3) above, would you prefer to take with you as you negotiate with that bank? Why?
5. Reconcile the absorption costing and variable costing net operating income figures in (2) and (3) above.

$2.19