Give a demonstration as to why or why not the given objects are vector subspaces of M22
a) all 2 X 2 matrices with integer entries
A vector space is a set that is closed under finite vector addition and scalar multiplication.
It is not a vector space, since V is NOT closed under finite scalar multiplication. For instance, take a 2 by 2 matrix with integer entries
Then is NOT in V since not every entry is an integer.
b) all matrices a b
c d such that: a + b + c + d = 0
It is a vector space, since V is closed under finite vector addition and scalar multiplication.
(1) V is closed under finite vector addition
For instance, take any two 2 by 2 matrices in V
where and . Obviously, we have
(2) V is closed under finite scalar multiplication.
c) all 2 X 2 matrices A such that det(A) = 0
It is NOT a vector space, since V is NOT closed under finite vector addition. For instance, take TWO 2 by 2 matrices with det(A)=det(B)=0
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