Newton's law of cooling
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At 4:30 PM on Monday, a Virginia criminalist was called to the scene of a homicide. She noted that the body temperature of the deceased was 85.5 deg. while the air temperature was 78 deg. Thirty minutes later, the deceased's body temperature was 82 deg. Assuming the air temperature stayed constant, what is the estimated time of death of the body? (Assume a normal body temperature of 98.6 deg)© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 6, 2023, 12:43 pm ad1c9bdddf
So we first have to recognize that this is Newton's Law of Cooling with the air temperature of 78 degrees. This will give us the differential equation
-- = k(u-78)
This is the information we have:
If we say 4:30 is time t = 0 then we know that
u(0) = 85.5 and ...
This shows how to use decrease in temperature to estimate time of death.