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Law Enforcement Function

This assignment will explore the environment in which the law enforcement function is performed. Provide your answers in a 4 page Microsoft Word document that addresses the following areas:
Analyze the influence of the criminal justice model on the structure and mission of a local police department. In other words, how would a police department exhibit different structure and procedures under the crime control model than it would under the due process model?
Discuss the relationship between neighborhood disorder and crime. What should be the role of the police in dealing with elements of neighborhood disorder, such as abandoned property, inoperative streetlights, and the like?
How the mission and the structure of a police department or sheriff's office would differ between urban and rural areas?
What is social disorganization and how does it contribute to criminality? Analyze whether nonconforming behavior a result of poverty. Should poverty or social disorganization be a consideration when an offender is being sentenced?
What role should politicians play in determining the structure and role of local police? In what ways can a local or state-level politician address crime by dealing with social disorganization? Consider the theories discussed earlier in the course.
Support your responses with examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.

Solution Preview

Analyze the influence of the criminal justice model on the structure and mission of a local police department. In other words, how would a police department exhibit different structure and procedures under the crime control model than it would under the due process model?

The influence that the criminal justice model has on police agencies can't be overstated as this model is a punitive model that seeks punitive measures for criminal behavior. Therefore, police engage in stringent policing tactics that seek to incarcerate instead of divert from the criminal justice system, offenders for even minor crimes. The "broken windows" theory is used wherein the police believe that even minor crimes must be addressed with a heavy hand as minor crimes lead to more serious crimes according to the criminal justice model. Therefore, the model is predicated upon the belief that the structure of policing and the procedures that are utilized should exclusively focus on addressing crime through tough criminal sanctions that will lead to reductions in criminal behavior.

In contrast, the model that emphasizes compassion and rehabilitation is the due process model, which would cause the police to divert offenders to rehab programs for drug offenses, which would theoretically stem much of the other forms of crime that occur such as burglaries and other minor crimes that drug addicts commit. This model emphasizes addressing the rights of offenders as opposed to punishing offenders with the most punitive measures possible. Police agencies under the due process model would provide the ...

Solution Summary

The function of law enforcement are examined. The expert analyzes the influence of the criminal justice models on the structure and mission of a local police department. The mission and the structure of a police department of sheriff's office is given.

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