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effect of vocational and educational programs on offender recidivism

The assumption that vocational and educational programs have positive impacts on offender recidivism. Do vocational and educational programs have an impact on offender recidivism rate?

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According to Mears, Lawrence, Solomon and Waul (2002) only half of all inmates are high school graduates, 70 percent unemployed, 80 percent with substance abuse and more than 15 percent have serious physical or mental disorders, while approximately 11 percent are learning disabled. (Mears, et al, 2002; Eskridge 2004) Because of non-support, both financial and ideological, vocational and educational programs have fallen behind and unless we want to face the consequences, these programs are direly needed.
It is almost impossible to measure the success of these programs if based only on the rate of recidivism. Successes can also be measured by reduction of criminal behavior after release or the ability to become employed and/or avoid drug use. Mears, et al (2002; Eskridge 2004) maintain that even if the main goal is to prevent recidivism, first steps would be to provide educational and vocational programs. Through vocational training, for example, an inmate might learn a skill, ...

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Using references to validate, this solution clearly articulates the effects of vocational and educational programs on offender recidivism.