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Success of Islam and Arabs in the Middle East

Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the Greater Middle-East/Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians?

What were the military successes of the Omayyad and Abbasids Arab Empires?

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Why did Islam and the Arabs succeed in spreading throughout the Greater Middle-East/Gulf against the Byzantines and Persians?

As with any historical event that occurs over the course of decades or longer, there are many factors to take into account. Focusing exclusively on one aspect or another will lead to a distorted understanding. It is historically accurate to say that Islam swept across the Persian and Byzantine empires as well as across northern Africa and into Spain. The new religion seems to have been a breath of fresh air to the citizens of those empires.

The Persian and Byzantine Empires had both been weakened by years of warfare against other neighboring empires. They had overreached themselves as the Romans had before them. They had conquered people of other nationalities and ethnicities and had imposed their political rule over them and incorporated them into their armies. This made the armies larger but weakened their unity and destroyed a common vision that all men could ascribe to. As a result of the political, religious and social oppression that most citizens of the ...

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This post examines the successful growth of Islam in the Middle East against the Byzantines and Persians. What accounted for the success of Islam? How did the Arabs achieve this conquest? Over 600 words of original text along with sources for additional research.

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