THE TOPIC IS: DEFINE TANG AND SUNG(SONG) NEO-CONFUCIANISM AND DISCUSS ITS MAJOR SCHOOLS AND LEADING PROPONENTS.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 4:42 pm ad1c9bdddf
THE TOPIC IS: DEFINE TANG AND SUNG(SONG) NEO-CONFUCIANISM AND DISCUSS ITS MAJOR SCHOOLS AND LEADING PROPONENTS.
The Tang Dynasty (618-907), building on the re-unification work of the short-lived preceding Sui dynasty, forged an extensive, stable and prosperous empire, lasting just under three centuries. The new territory stretched from the Caspian Sea in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and from Manchuria to the north down to Vietnam in the south, qualifying Imperial China as the most powerful single country of the period, outshining the decaying Roman Empire of western tradition. The dissolution of the Tang period into the chaotic disarray of the Five Dynasties was later resolved under the Sung (Song).
Confucianism underwent more of a revival in the Sung period. The Tang Dynasty, while experiencing an influx of the philosophy, resisted growing foreign influence, and so the movement did not receive as widespread acceptance as in the latter period. Its central tenets of filial piety, hierarchical authority and social/personal relationship emphasis evolved from mere ideology to universal natural order—a philosophy most helpful to keeping diversified cultures peaceful under a central rulership. Nothing like having divine universal right on your side to maintain the status quo!
Perhaps part of the resistance of the Tang to foreign influences on an all ready adopted set ...
The expert defines Tang and Sun(Song) and Neo-Confucianism.