The solution presents two popular Far Eastern Philosophies - Confucianism and Buddhism, providing comprehensively concise information on what these two philosophies embody.
Confucius who lived from 557-479 B.C. was the most revered person in Chinese history. Confucianism is based mainly on his moral teachings. There is also neo Confucianism of the Hsing-li school dating from the twelfth century AD.
Confucius was a public servant who worked as a Chief Minister and Secretary of Justice. He was able, through moral persuasion alone, to regain for his native state some territory that was lost to a neighbouring state. He brought peace to his land such that items lost on the highway were not stolen. Later he embarked on a 15 years of travelling from state to state offering his services to princes and kings. But none of them put his teachings into practice. Eventually he retired to a place called Lu for a life of teaching, studying and writing. He taught both those who could pay and those who could not pay. He was a very disciplined man who practiced what he taught.
Confucius describes himself as one who loves to learn and who transmits wisdom from the ancient past. He was also willing to learn from his ...
What is wisdom, justice, morality, human virtue, and heaven in Confucianism and how does that compare with salvation, desire, suffering and enlightenment in Buddhism? These are the key issues addressed in this solution.