If many factors are implicated in the decline of the Roman Empire, including overuse of resources, political infighting, and lack of morality, how does this hold any lessons for modern society? and could the same thing happen to us in modern times?
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The first thing you should remember about "empires" is that they always fall. Alexander the Great saw his empire divided after his death, the Roman empire fell apart, Napoleon lost, the British Empire disintegrated. All empires fall. So, without even looking at the reasons for the fall of a particular empire, the fact that it fell at all is a significant lesson to remember.
Some consider the United States to be an empire. Ask yourself whether this is the case. What does it mean to be an empire? Usually, an empire exists when a government or nation directly controls the political, economic, and strategic resources of other nations. Rome clearly was an empire, controlling vast resources throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. The United States doesn't particularly fit this description. At most, the U.S. directly controls Puerto Rico and Guam. Even in Iraq and Afghanistan, where there is a significant military presence, U.S. forces are in the position of "assisting" the local government.
Why then, do some consider the U.S. to be an empire? Well, if you look at the political influence the United States has, and if you look at the tremendous economic power held by the U.S., there are certainly ways to control other nations which do not involve direct military control. A dominant position in the United Nations, for example, could be seen as ...
This posting lists reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire and also modern correlations.