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1. Please explain to our study group how the Roman Empire developed from an empire controlled by Rome to an empire in which Rome was simply the biggest city?
This trend is about expansion and appointment of governments in the areas and countries of expansion. It is also about the progressive deterioration of centralized government that led to the downfall of the Roman Empire.
Initially, the emperors ruled (believed to be Divinely appointed) from a centralized government in Rome. However, as the Roman Empire grew in size, this was no longer possible. Thus, government and officials were selectively appointed from the upper class from many different countries to rule the new areas of expansion. This moved the power away from Rome, but yet people still flocked to Rome as a place of art, architecture and as an economic base, to name a few.
For example, this handing over of power began with the first emperor of ...
This solution discusses how the Roman Empire developed from an empire controlled by Rome to an empire in which Rome was simply the biggest city. References are provided.