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    Movements in American History and Culture

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    1. Discuss the reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century.
    2. What exactly was the "romantic impulse" and what did it mean for American culture?
    3. In what ways was the abolitionist movement similar to the other reform movements discussed in this chapter? How was it different?
    4. What were some of the arguments of the anti-abolitionists? How did they present their case?
    5. Discuss the influence of Manifest Destiny on Americans during the period, and how it shaped American policies.
    6. How did the Westward migration change American society?
    7. What caused the Mexican-American War? What were the domestic consequences of the American?
    8. What factors (besides slavery) caused the deep divisions between the North and South during the 1850s?
    9. What were the results, and subsequent effects, of the Compromise of 1850?
    10. Compare and contrast the Presidencies of Zachary Taylor and James Polk.
    11. There was arguably as much change in America in the years prior to the Civil War as during any other time period in America's history. Please discuss the social, cultural and economic changes in the decades leading up to the Civil War. What impact did this have on the concepts of Manifest Destiny, the Abolitionist movement and the growing sectional differences between the North and South.

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    1. Discuss the reform movements of the first half of the nineteenth century.
    There were many different reform movements in the first half of the 19th century most of which stemmed from the religious fervor surrounding the 2nd great awakening. Some of the religious movements were the Mormons or LDS church, The Millerites, and the Oniedia Community that tried to form a "utopian society. As the movement became more democratic and more and more people began participating (including women) other movements gained momentum. These include the Temperance movement against the drinking of alcohol. The education reform movement influenced by Horace Mann. The Transcendentalists believing that stressed the relationship between humans and nature. The Transcendental movement was influence by Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, And that knowledge can be gained through your inner light. In the arts there was the Hudson River School which was known for painting landscapes and helping to draw people to the West. Two of the largest reform movements were the women's rights movement and the Abolition movement. The women's rights movement culminated with the Seneca Fall's convention and the Declaration of Sentiments. The Abolition movement took a stance on the institution of slavery and swept the country.

    2. What exactly was the "romantic impulse" and what did it mean for American culture?
    The romantic impulse comes from the romantic movement that is the idea developed in Europe and came to America during the Antebellum Era. This idea emphasized finding truth through nature, the significance of the individual and the liberation of the human spirit. Some Americans who expressed this idea were the Hudson River School painters, and writers such as James Fenimore Cooper, Herman Melville and Walt Whitman, through their works The Last of the Mohicans, Moby Dick and Leaves of Grass, respectively. What it meant for American Culture was that American Artists started to develop there own sense of identity and not have to borrow ...

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    The solution discusses movements in American history and culture.