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9-11 Hazard Vulnerability Analysis

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The terrorist attack on the U.S. on September 11, 2001 emphasizes the importance of not relying on history alone. Other factors, such as political, environmental, and economic changes should also be examined. Please answer the following questions paper:

1. Within the framework of a hazard and vulnerability analysis, what were the pre 9/11 indicators that a possible disaster (terrorist attack) might occur?

2. What factors, if changed, may have pre-empted the disaster?

3. Is there any indication that New York or Washington D.C. utilized a hazard and/or vulnerability analysis in their planning for this type of disaster?

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Solution Summary

The solution discusses the 9-11 terrorist attacks in terms of HVAs - Hazard Vulnerability analysis looking at possible indicators, factors that could have pre-emted disaster and looks into HVAs of NY & Washington DC in terms of preparing for terrorism and similar disasters. The solution is presented in a 1,032-word APA format essay. References are included. A word version is attached for easy printing.

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Dear Student,
The solution below is concise but directly answers the questions you posed. They are easily expandable for additional details. All you have to do is utilise the References provided. Good luck!

OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

HVA: 9-11 Indicators

Where there any indicators at all following the Hazard Vulnerability Analysis framework that indicated or gave clues to the 9-11 terrorist attacks on US Soil? To do this, we will have to look at categories that impact HVA analysis. The categories are governed by varied government agencies and usually, while they work for the same purpose, intelligence is not shared real-time especially if it is sensitive information that still needs verification. It is easy enough to veer in the direction of conspiracy theories if the actions of the government bodies falling into the following categories: Response, Human Impact, and Property Impact are read with that in mind. It is important to note, however that in a society that assesses risk, and with important landmarks continually seen as choice targets by terrorists, the government has put in place several measures for such an eventuality.

? Response - prior to 9-11, FEMA was already beefed up structure-wise to respond to a terrorist attack. The CIA and the FBI has repeatedly warned of this probability and with the Twin Towers having suffered failed terrorist plots and with intelligence warning of possibilities (shared intelligence from the Middle East and other sources - German authorities), this was considered to have been possible. However, a successful attack on US soil hasn't been mounted yet with such an impact by Al Qaeda operatives so there was no precedent. Immigration policies were still not ...

Solution provided by:
  • MPhil/PhD (IP), Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • MA, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • Certificate, Geva Ulpan (via Universita Tel Aviv)
  • BA, University of the Philippines
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