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Homeland Security

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1. Explain the various disaster impacts as identified in the chapter.
2. What is the difference between primary and secondary hazards? Give two examples.
3. What suggestions does the chapter give for managing the resistance to the planning process?
4. What is meant by an â??all-hazards approachâ? to planning?
5. Explain functional capability analysis.
6. Describe the incident command system (ICS). What are the activities of Incident Command?

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1. Explain the various disaster impacts as identified in the chapter.
Disaster impacts consist of both physical and social impacts. Physical impacts are the most obvious and include:
Casualties - Deaths and injuries which are "caused by" a disaster. Casualties from disasters tend to be higher in developing countries. It is often difficult to arrive at an accurate figure, so casualty numbers are often imprecise.
Damage - The destruction or loss of physical property, such as structures, animals, and crops. This can be due to the initial disaster or chemical or radiological contamination, as well as loss of land itself to erosion. One of the most significant impacts is the loss of dwellings, which can easily lead to a humanitarian crisis.

Though less obvious, social impacts are no less destructive, and include:
Psychosocial impacts - A variety of negative psychological responses to a disaster, including psycho-physiological, emotional, and behavioral effects. Most individuals affected by psychosocial impacts do not require counseling, though some develop long-term adaptive consequences.
Demographic impacts - The change in the make-up of the population in the affected area following a disaster. The amount of demographic impact in the United States is currently negligible at a macro level, though much higher in developing countries.
Economic impacts - The financial loss by families, businesses, and governments due to a disaster. This can generally be tracked by the cost of replacement. Additionally, disasters interrupt the flow of resources through a community ...

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The solution provides concise answers to the questions listed (see description) on the topic of managing homeland security.