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Operation Desert Storm Comprehensive Review

As a foundation to understanding politics and conflict, review Desert Storm . Discuss the situation reflecting on causation, role of social stratification, type of conflict ,and the resolution or results of the conflict.

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I. Understanding Operation Desert Storm

Causes & Resolution

The Gulf War or Operation Desert Storm was one of the major conflicts of the last part of the 20th Century and politics and events that led to it and its eventual outcome played a key role in re-aligning the political and social systems of the Middle East and how the region and certain Middle Eastern States have come to be viewed by the world since. The eventual invasion of Iraq after 9-11 is an after effect of this with Saddam Hussein then viewed by the Bush Administration as a rogue and problematic Mid-east leader who could, like ultra-politicized states harbour the likes of Al-Qaeda, organizations intent on harming world order via terrorism. Now, for quick specifics on the Gulf War (Wikipedia, 2009),

"The Persian Gulf War (2 August 1990 - 28 February 1991), known also as the Gulf War, the First Gulf War, or often as the Second Gulf War or more commonly Desert Storm and by then-Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein as The Mother of all Battles was a military conflict initiated by a coalition force from 34 nations, with United Nations authorization, between Iraq and the coalition with the purpose of expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait after Iraq's occupation and annexation of Kuwait in August 1990.The great majority of the military forces in the coalition were from the United States, with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order. Around US$40 billion of the approximately US$60 billion cost was paid by Saudi Arabia."

Pre-Iraq invasion of Kuwait, Iraq had been in a long standing war with its neighbour, Iran on war over territory and ethnic tensions (1980-1988). As part of the political conflict with Iran and policies on Israel-Palestine conflict, it supported local militant groups like ABU NIDAL. The US though, in a bid to ouster the more radical government of the Ayatollah in Iran secretly supported Iraq by providing weapons in the hopes that Iraq would neutralize the growing threat of Iran knowing full well that Saddam has ambitions of his own for re-aligning Middle Eastern politics for his own agenda. Iraq throughout the Cold War had been an ally of Russia. By 1988 when the ceasefire was finally signed between Iran & Iraq, Iraq was bankrupt owing much of its debt to Saudi Arabia and Kuwait whom Saddam then pressured to 'forgive' Iraqi debt but the 2 nations refused. Kuwait further pushed Iraq by criticizing the overproduction of Iraqi oil above quota which then forced down the price of oil, hurting Iraq & OPEC member states. In retaliation, Saddam 'took a page' from history and declared that Kuwait was once a province of Basra during the Ottoman Empire that was taken away by British Empire with the border recognized by Iraq due to international and other Arab States' pressure in 1963. To make the argument more intense, Kuwait was accused of slant drilling on Iraq's Rumaila field. Negotiations between the 2 nations failed and Iraq invaded ...

Solution Summary

The International, US-led Military Operation Desert Storm in the Middle East in the early 1990's is reviewed comprehensively by this essay-solution, providing a socio-political background in a historical context presenting causation, social stratification, conflict type reading and results analysis in a 1,900 plus word essay. The solution follows the APA format; References are provided. Word version is attached for easy printing