I am in the military and my First Sergeant wants me to do a report on the elite forces used by Genghis Khan. The only reference that he gave me was Mangoday
Perhaps the reference is to
Heral, Ethan. "Yasotay and the Mangoday of Genghis Khan." Armed Forces Jrnl Intl (Jan 1985):
You may look it up .
I am giving information based on articles on the internet.
MangoDay is a very physically and professionally demanding training program for Rangers. It is named after Genghis Khan's legendary cavalrymen who trained beyond exhaustion and fought without fear. Once a year, captains from the 75th Ranger Regiment go with little sleep or food for five days of grueling marches and mock battles. But they have to contend with more than just snipers, hunger and confusion. At Mangoday (pronounced mongo-day), Rangers who hope to command soldiers in real battles must learn to cope with reporters, diplomats and political crises. (Source: http://nucnews.net/nucnews/2000nn/0006nn/000612nn.htm)
In the early 13th century, the Mongol people rose from the obscurity of the Gobi desert to carve out the largest empire in the history of mankind. Not even the Romans or the Ottoman-Turks, who preceded the Mongols, matched their speed, efficiency and breadth of conquests. China - all 10 million square kilometers of it - was just a fraction of the Mongol empire. These herdsmen-turned-warriors overran Korea, Central Asia (now Russia), Persia (now Iran), the Arabian Peninsula, and even parts of Eastern Europe. Their battlefield successes were due to the military genius of one man: Temujin. More popularly known by the name "Genghis Khan", meaning "universal ruler" in Mongolian language, Temujin unified the Mongolian tribes - which were scattered at this time - and led them from one military victory to the next. The sight of the Mongol flag fluttering in the distance was so terrifying, it sent their hardiest enemies quivering in fear. The Khan allowed communities who surrendered willingly to live. For anyone who stood in their way, the wolf emblem of the mighty Mongol army was synonymous with death and destruction, as the Khan's army killed anyone who resisted, reducing their homes to cinders. (http://edu.sina.com.cn/en/2004-11-26/ba27661.shtml)
In terms of square miles conquered, Genghis Khan has been the greatest conqueror of all time -- his empire four times larger than the empire of Alexander the Great.
The Mongol leader and military genius Genghis Khan used masses of mounted cavalrymen armed with bows and arrows and swords to conquer much of Asia and Russia during the 13th century AD. Tightly coordinated and extremely disciplined, his armies used the smoke screen and such devices as signal flags and signal lanterns. The Khan used metal-barreled canons in his military campaigns, predating Europe's use of this technology by half a century.
Genghis Khan had 100,000 to 125,000 horsemen, with Uighur and Turkic allies, engineers and Chinese doctors -- a total of from 150,000 to 200,000 men.
Mongol horses were small, but their riders were lightly clad and they moved with greater speed. These were hardy men who grew up on horses and hunting, making them better warriors than those who grew up in agricultural societies and cities. Their main weapon was the bow and arrow. And the Mongols of the early 1200s were highly disciplined, superbly coordinated and brilliant in tactics.
The conquest of territory required a well-trained, well-equipped army. The Mongols had always been excellent warriors, but then so had all the nomad tribes of Central Asia. The riders from each clan under Genghis Khan were essentially small military units able to move swiftly and shoot accurately. A rigorous life and the ability to hunt skillfully permitted the steppe tribes to field groups of armed horsemen who were so savage they seemed impossible to defeat. Still, Genghis Khan realized that his collection of skilled warriors did not constitute an army. They needed discipline and organization. Genghis Khan took Mongol horsemen as young as fifteen and as old as seventy and molded them into an effective fighting force instilled with a discipline that was both practical and severe. Death came to any man who left his command to join another, who plundered without permission, who deserted a fallen comrade, or who slept on guard duty.
The scattered Mongol tribes lived according to local custom, but once they submitted to the leadership of Genghis Khan, they united under his maxims, regulations and instructions. The laws, rules, and words of wisdom, which he continued to develop during his lifetime, amounted to a codified legal standard for all Mongols that let every man know his place and know what was expected ...
The answer discusses Mangoday. It is a very physically and professionally demanding training program for Rangers. It is named after Genghis Khan's legendary cavalrymen who trained beyond exhaustion and fought without fear.