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Cold War Effects on Homeland Security

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Effects of the Cold War on Homeland Security and changes enacted within the United States Government during 1970s.

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Homeland security is a dual attempt of United States to protect its borders and save people from natural disasters with the help of its Federal, state, local, tribal organizations, communities and citizens.
As early as 1940, President Franklin Roosevelt had begun homeland security with the inception of Office of the Civilian Defense (OCD) in 1941.
Presidency of Harry S. Truman (1945-1953) believed that there was no common threat to US mainland as the World War II was over and hence no need for OCD. Even though war came to an end, there was every possibility of nuclear attack. America once again began to study the effects of strategic bombing and formulate a vibrant civil defense plan to help citizens at a crucial juncture. Based on the Bull Report in 1947, Civilians were involved in self-help and the Federal Government would provide all necessary help. In 1947, the US congress passed National Security Act and set up National Security Resource Board (NSRB). Before long, ...

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