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Prevention of Motor Vehicle Injuries/Governmental Oversight

For the prevention of motor vehicle injuries, how are responsibilities assigned or delegated among the three levels of government (federal, state, local) and among various agencies of those levels of government? Who is responsible for what?

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The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (federal) authorized the federal government to set and regulate standards for motor vehicles and highways in 1966. To this end, new safety features were added to vehicles including seat belts, shatter resistant windshields, and headrests. Roads were changed to make safer by improving illumination, signage, and adding barriers and guardrails. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration, within the U.S. Department of Transportation, provide national leadership for traffic and safety laws. The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, part of the CDC contributes public health direction.

At a state and local level, motor vehicle injuries are prevented through enactment and enforcement of traffic safety laws including laws against driving while intoxicated, and enforcement of seat belt, cell phone, and child seat laws. State and local governments also enact and enforce laws involving motor vehicle and highway safety, driver licensing, vehicle inspections and traffic regulations. States own and operate the ...

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This solution discusses prevention of motor vehicle injuries and how responsibilities are assigned or delegated among the three levels of government (federal,state, local) and among various agencies of those levels of government. It includes links.

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