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The Profile of Mood States (POMS) and the Iceberg Profile

What is a mood state and why is it of interest in sport psychology? How are mood states measured? In this solution, the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire is described. The "iceberg profile" of elite athletes is also described, and an illustration is attached. References to original research are provided.

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While personality traits are considered to be relatively stable over time, mood states are psychological responses to environmental stimuli that can be fleeting and situation-specific. Mood states are of interest to psychologists because they may have a greater effect on behavior than personality traits. Sport psychologists are interested in how the mood states of athletes may positively or negatively affect their athletic performance.

The most widely used measure of mood states in sport psychology is the Profile of Mood States (POMS), originally developed by McNair, Lorr, and Droppleman (1971, 1981, 1992). The original version of the POMS was a 65-item questionnaire measuring six mood states: tension, ...

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This solution provides a description of the Profile of Mood States (POMS), a questionnaire developed to measure the mood state profile of athletes. The "iceberg profile" of elite athletes is explained, and an illustration is attached. References to original research are provided.

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