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cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

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Compare the bone markings of the vertebrae and distinguish the differences between the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae.

Describe two different joints found within knee, including the bone markings and the movements produced by those joints.

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Dear Student: Here are two references. One it attached and one is embedded.

These are for the Vertebrae:


This information is regarding the knee:

When the knee moves, it does ...

Solution Summary

Differentiate cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae.

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Spinal Cord Injury and Sensory Information Processing

This question has three small parts - I have answered (a) okay I think, but am really stuck on (b) and (c). Please help:

"Patient A has a tumour located on the thoracic spinal cord at the level of T3 and shows differences in the way sensory information in his legs and lower trunk is processed. This mainly involves alterations in the sensation of pain and temperature on the right side and in the sensation of touch on the left side".

(a) Is the lesion provoked by the tumour in the thoracic spinal cord partial or complete?

I have said that Patient A's symptoms suggest thoracic paraplegia & partial transection of the spinal cord, as the legs and lower trunk are primarily affected and as sensations below the tumor area are not completely lost.

(b) Would patient A's knee-jerk reflex be affected?

(c) Would patient A be able to reach for a cup of coffee?

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