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Public Health and Creating a tool to teach safe sex

Design a data collection tool that can be used with your aggregate population. Make sure the tool contains the following:

Demographics name, birth date, ethnicity, sex, education level, and so forth
The questions that you came up with in Part One and any others that you feel would apply
Two additional questions that would be consistent with the goals of Healthy People 2020
Data from reliable sources that answers each of the questions you asked

Include data points with two levels of data for each, if you cannot find two points, a data gap exists.
my aggregate is pregnant adolescents and my questions are:
1. What type of programs might be most effective at bringing down U.S. teenage fertility rates?
2. Do school-based clinics help to reduce teenage birthrates?
3. Can unintended pregnancies among teenagers be avoided if sexually active teenagers used contraception?
4. Is it time for parents, educators, health advocates and community organizations to take actions in developing programs for the prevention of teenage pregnancies?

Solution Preview

Hello- welcome to Brainmass, my name is Tory and I believe I can lead you to your solution. Please see the attached docs. These prove that in school education has been quite successful, and also free clinics created especially for teens has also been proven to be effective. Most teens do not want to become pregnant at this age, so let's dig in!

Pregnant Adolescent: first, I wanted to introduce these facts from the guttmacher site as they can help you create your model, and further questions.

In this article you could cite one or more of the people and articles used to make the point that among teens in general that the start of sexual activity is later today than say 2 decades before, teens are more educated because of mandatory health classes ( here in the state of CA)

Facts on American Teens' Sexual and Reproductive Health.

These are up to date numbers, percentages and visuals( graphs, charts) that will enable you to Design a data collection tool that can be used with your aggregate population Your data collection tool can be created using the included data I have provided, and does contain:

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Demographics
( the article is full of specific info)healthy people has a sex ed page as well
Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ The questions (that you came up with in Part One and any others that you feel would apply)
[are these the sorts of questions you need?]
Do you know about STDs?
Where did you learn sexual education, in school, at a clinic, from a friend?
Do you know why condoms are important?
Are you really ready to take care and support a child?
(either leaving school or having to work, go to school and afford childcare and food, shelter and clothing)

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Two additional questions that would be consistent with the goals of Healthy People 2020

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Data from reliable sources that answers each of the questions you asked

August 2011

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Although only 13% of teens have ever had vaginal sex by age 15, sexual activity is common by the late teen years. By their 19th birthday, seven in 10 teens of both sexes have had intercourse. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ On average, young people have sex for the first time at about age 17,[2,3] but they do not marry until their mid-20s. [4] This means that young adults are at increased risk of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for nearly a decade.

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Teens have been waiting longer to have sex than they did in the recent past. In 2006Ã?¢â?¬"2008, some 11% of never-married females aged 15Ã?¢â?¬"19 and 14% of never-married males that age had had sex before age 15, compared with 19% and 21%, respectively, in 1995. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ However, after substantial declines in the proportion of teens who had ever had sex between 1995 and 2002, the level did not change significantly from 2002 to 2006Ã?¢â?¬"2008. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ In 2006Ã?¢â?¬"2008, the most common reason that sexually inexperienced teens gave for not having had sex was that it was Ã?¢â?¬Ã?"against religion or moralsÃ?¢â?¬Ã?? (42% among females and 35% among males). The second and third most common reasons for females were Ã?¢â?¬Ã?"donÃ?¢â?¬â?¢t want to get pregnantÃ?¢â?¬Ã?? and Ã?¢â?¬Ã?"havenÃ?¢â?¬â?¢t found the right person yet.Ã?¢â?¬Ã?? [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Among sexually experienced teens, 72% of females and 56% of males report that their first sexual experience was with a steady partner, while 14% of females and 25% of males report a first sexual experience with someone whom they had just met or who was just a friend. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Seven percent of young women aged 18Ã?¢â?¬"24 who had had sex before age 20 report that their first sexual experience was involuntary. Those whose first partner was three or more years their senior were more likely to report this than were other women in that age-group. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Teens in the United States and European teens have similar levels of sexual activity. However, the latter are more likely to use contraceptives and to use effective contraceptive methods; they therefore have substantially lower pregnancy rates. [5]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Three percent of males and 8% of females aged 18Ã?¢â?¬"19 in 2002 reported their sexual orientation as homosexual or bisexual; the proportions reporting same-sex behaviors were similar. [6]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ A sexually active teen who does not use a contraceptive has a 90% chance of becoming pregnant within a year. [7]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ The majority of sexually experienced teens (79% of females and 87% of males) used contraceptives the first time they had sex. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ Contraceptive use at first premarital sex has been increasing. Fifty-six percent of women whose first premarital sex occurred before 1985 used a method, compared with 76% in 2000Ã?¢â?¬"2004 and 84% in 2005Ã?¢â?¬"2008. [8]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ The condom is the most common contraceptive method used at first intercourse; 68% of females and 82% of males use it. [1]

Ã?¢â?¬Ã?¢ In 2006Ã?¢â?¬"2008, some 95% of sexually experienced female teens had used a condom at least once, 58% had ever used withdrawal and 55% had used the pill. Smaller proportions had used other methods. ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the efficacy of school based community Health Advocacy, and how to create a tool that best suits the needs of the community it serves. Answers questions specific to Community Health Advocacy, and if school based programs are helpful, needed, or if the parents of these students should give all the information to their children. As we have seen in past generations, it was left to the parents or guardians to provide this information. Many parents are reluctant or not educated in the current beliefs about providing information regarding prevention of disease or pregnancy.